A clinical case of an immunosuppressive generalized form of Kaposi's sarcoma in a patient with pemphigus vulgaris

Evelina Koldarova 1 * , Bahrambek Mukhamedov 2, Aziz Aliev 3
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1 Dermatology Department, Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center of Dermatovenereology and Cosmetology, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
2 Dermatology Department, Tashkent State Dental Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
3 Department of Dermatovenereology, Tashkent Medical Academy, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp. 100-103. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/12695
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ABSTRACT

The article presents the literature data on Kaposi's sarcoma a lymphangioproliferative neoplasia induced by the Herpes Virus type 8.  The main forms, clinical manifestations and treatment are described. A clinical case of the development of an immunosuppressive generalized form of Kaposi's sarcoma induced by glucocorticosteroid therapy in a patient with pemphigus vulgaris is presented. With this clinical example, it is important to emphasize the potential risk of Kaposi's sarcoma on the background of secondary immunosuppression. Immunosuppressive Kaposi's sarcoma (iatrogenic type) is most often associated with long-term use of immunosuppressive therapy in transplantation organs and in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy for autoimmune diseases, which leads to an increased risk of developing Kaposi's sarcoma by 150-1000 times compared with the general population. The ratio of men and women with this type is 2:1, while with the idiopathic (classical) - 17:1. Reliable diagnosis of the disease is necessary, based on a combination of history data, clinical and histological patterns of the pathological process, as well as additional laboratory markers, which will allow timely determination of further patient management tactics and, accordingly, provide a more favorable prognosis for the course of the disease.

CITATION

Koldarova E, Mukhamedov B, Aliev A. A clinical case of an immunosuppressive generalized form of Kaposi's sarcoma in a patient with pemphigus vulgaris. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2022;19(6):100-3. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/12695

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