A determination of the relationship between the symptoms, hospital anxiety and depression levels, and quality of life patients diagnosed with Covid-19

Samet Sayılan 1 * , Aylin Aydın Sayılan 2, Melike Demir Doğan 3, Emel Çetinkaya 4, Nuray Olcaytürk 5
More Detail
1 Department of Internal Medicine, Medicine Faculty, Kirklareli University, Kirklareli, Turkey
2 Nursing Department, School of Health Science, Kirklareli University, Kirklareli, Turkey
3 Faculty School of Health Science, Gumushane University, Gümüşhane, Turkey
4 Unit of Internal Disease, Kirklareli Educational and Research Hospital, Kirklareli, Turkey
5 Unit of Infection Disease, Kirklareli Educational and Research Hospital, Kirklareli, Turkey
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp. 81-85. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/11421
OPEN ACCESS
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The worldwide spread of coronavirus over the last 20 years has resulted in its becoming a major threat to health. The virus is thought to be a zoonotic disease spread by means of direct and contact transmission. The purpose of this study was to investigate the symptoms, anxiety-depression levels, and quality of life of patients with Covid-19.
Material and methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional research was conducted in an education and research hospital between August and November 2020. An information form, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Quality of Life Scale were employed as data collection tools. The study was completed with 103 individuals.
Results: The mean age of the patients enrolled in the study was 37.77±10.92 years, and 67% were women. Higher anxiety levels were determined in women compared to men (p=0.001) and in married participants compared to unmarried individuals (p=0.010). Significant negative correlation was determined between anxiety and the Quality of Life Scale sub-parameters of general health, physical health, psychological health, and environment. Positive correlation was found between Covid-19 severity and anxiety, and negative correlation between Covid-19 severity and physical health(p<0.001).
Conclusion: Higher anxiety was determined among women and married patients in this study, and quality of life (in the four sub-parameters) decreased as anxiety increased. Physical health decreased, while anxiety increased, with the severity of Covid.
 

CITATION

Sayılan S, Aydın Sayılan A, Demir Doğan M, Çetinkaya E, Olcaytürk N. A determination of the relationship between the symptoms, hospital anxiety and depression levels, and quality of life patients diagnosed with Covid-19. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2021;18(6):81-5. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/11421

REFERENCES

  • Seyed Hosseini E, Riahi Kashani N, Nikzad H, Azadbakht J, Hassani Bafrani H, Haddad Kashani H. The novel coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19): Mechanism of action, detection and recent therapeutic strategies. Virology. 2020; 551:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2020.08.011.
  • Umakanthan S, Sahu P, Ranade AV, Bukelo MM, Rao JS, Abrahao-Machado LF, Dahal S, Kumar H, Kv D. Origin, transmission, diagnosis and management of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Postgrad Med J. 2020; 96(1142):753-758.
  • Yürük Bal E, Çelik H. COVID-19 Salgını ile Mücadelede Hemşirenin Rolü. Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2020;12(2):300-4. https://doi.org/10.5336/nurses.2020-75315
  • Hajure M, Tariku M, Mohammedhussein M, Dule A. Depression, Anxiety and Associated Factors Among Chronic Medical Patients Amid COVID-19 Pandemic in Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, Mettu, Ethiopia, 2020. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2020; 16:2511-2518. https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S281995
  • Necho M, Birkie M, Gelaye H, Beyene A, Belete A, Tsehay M. Depression, anxiety symptoms, Insomnia, and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic period among individuals living with disabilities in Ethiopia, 2020. PLoS One. 2020; 15(12):e0244530. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244530
  • Huang Y, Zhao N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 outbreak in China: a web-based cross-sectional survey. Psychiatry Res, 2020; 288:112954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112954
  • Rubin RR, Peyrot M. Quality of life and diabetes. Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 1999; 15(3):205-18. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-7560(199905/06)15:3<205::AID-DMRR29>3.0.CO;2-O
  • Shader RI. COVID-19 and Depression. Clin Ther. 2020; 42(6):962-963. doi: 10.1016/j.clinthera.2020.04.010.
  • Choi EPH, Hui BPH, Wan EYF. Depression and Anxiety in Hong Kong during COVID-19. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3740. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17103740.
  • Garrigues E, Janvier P, Kherabi Y, Le Bot A, Hamon A, Gouze H, Doucet L, Berkani S, Oliosi E, Mallart E, Corre F, Zarrouk V, Moyer JD, Galy A, Honsel V, Fantin B, Nguyen Y. Post-discharge persistent symptoms and health-related quality of life after hospitalization for COVID-19. J Infect. 2020; 81(6):e4-e6. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.08.029.
  • Wang S, Wen X, Dong Y, Liu B, Cui M. Psychological Influence of Coronovirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on the General Public, Medical Workers, and Patients With Mental Disorders and its Countermeasures. Psychosomatics. 2020; 61(6):616-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2020.05.005
  • Talevi D, Socci V, Carai M, Carnaghi G, Faleri S, Trebbi E, di Bernardo A, Capelli F, Pacitti F. Mental health outcomes of the CoViD-19 pandemic. Riv Psichiatr. 2020; 55(3):137-144.
  • Arbelo N, López-Pelayo H, Sagué M, Madero S, Pinzón-Espinosa J, Gomes-da-Costa S, Ilzarbe L, Anmella G, Llach CD, Imaz ML, Cámara MM, Pintor L. Psychiatric Clinical Profiles and Pharmacological Interactions in COVID-19 Inpatients Referred to a Consultation Liaison Psychiatry Unit: a Cross-Sectional Study. Psychiatr Q. 2021; 7:1–13. doi: 10.1007/s11126-020-09868-6.
  • Klok FA, Boon GJAM, Barco S, Endres M, Geelhoed JJM, Knauss S, Rezek SA, Spruit MA, Vehreschild J, Siegerink B. The Post-COVID-19 Functional Status scale: a tool to measure functional status over time after COVID-19. Eur Respir J. 2020; 56(1):2001494. https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01494-2020
  • Zigmond AS, Snaith RP. Hastane Anksiyete Depresyon Ölçeği (HAD). Acta psychiatry scand. 1983; 67:361-370. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1983.tb09716.x
  • Aydemir Ö, Güvenir T, Küey L, Kültür S. Hastane Anksiyete ve Depresyon Ölçeği Türkçe Formunun Geçerlilik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi. 1997; 8(4):280-287.
  • Eser E, Fidaner H, Fidaner C, Eser S, Elbi H, Göker E. Psychometric properties of the WHOQOL- 100 and WHOQOL-BREF. J Psychiatry Psychol Psychopharmacol. 1999; 7(2):2340.
  • Vindegaard N, Benros ME. COVID-19 pandemic and mental health consequences: Systematic review of the current evidence. Brain Behav Immun. 2020; 89:531-542. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.048.
  • Özdin S, Bayrak Özdin Ş. Levels and predictors of anxiety, depression and health anxiety during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkish society: The importance of gender. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020; 66(5):504-511. doi: 10.1177/0020764020927051.
  • Ma YF, Li W, Deng HB, Wang L, Wang Y, Wang PH, Bo HX, Cao J, Wang Y, Zhu LY, Yang Y, Cheung T, Ng CH, Wu X, Xiang YT. Prevalence of depression and its association with quality of life in clinically stable patients with COVID-19. J Affect Disord. 2020; 275:145-148. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.033.
  • Nkire N, Nwachukwu I, Shalaby R, Hrabok M, Vuong W, Gusnowski A, Surood S, Greenshaw AJ, Agyapong VIO. COVID-19 pandemic: influence of relationship status on stress, anxiety, and depression in Canada. Ir J Psychol Med. 2021; 14:1-12. doi: 10.1017/ipm.2021.1.
  • Passos L, Prazeres F, Teixeira A, Martins C. Impact on Mental Health Due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Cross-Sectional Study in Portugal and Brazil. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6794. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186794.
  • Rogers JP, Chesney E, Oliver D, Pollak TA, McGuire P, Fusar-Poli P, Zandi MS, Lewis G, David AS. Psychiatric and neuropsychiatric presentations associated with severe coronavirus infections: a systematic review and meta-analysis with comparison to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020; 7(7):611-627. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30203-0.
  • Zhang Y, Ma ZF. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Quality of Life among Local Residents in Liaoning Province, China: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17(7):2381. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072381.
  • Khan M, Khan H, Khan S, Nawaz M. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases at a screening clinic during the early outbreak period: a single-centre study. J Med Microbiol. 2020; 69(8):1114-1123. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.001231.
  • Adil MT, Rahman R, Whitelaw D, Jain V, Al-Taan O, Rashid F, Munasinghe A, Jambulingam P. SARS-CoV-2 and the pandemic of COVID-19. Postgrad Med J. 2021; 97(1144):110-116. doi: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138386.
  • Holmes EA, O'Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, Ballard C, Christensen H, Cohen Silver R, Everall I, Ford T, John A, Kabir T, King K, Madan I, Michie S, Przybylski AK, Shafran R, Sweeney A, Worthman CM, Yardley L, Cowan K, Cope C, Hotopf M, Bullmore E. Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020; 7(6):547-560. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1.
  • Pieh C, Budimir S, Probst T. The effect of age, gender, income, work, and physical activity on mental health during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown in Austria. J Psychosom Res. 2020;136:110186. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.110186.
  • Mazza MG, De Lorenzo R, Conte C, Poletti S, Vai B, Bollettini I, Melloni EMT, Furlan R, Ciceri F, Rovere-Querini P; COVID-19 BioB Outpatient Clinic Study group, Benedetti F. Anxiety and depression in COVID-19 survivors: Role of inflammatory and clinical predictors. Brain Behav Immun. 2020; 89:594-600. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.07.037.
  • Hyland P, Shevlin M, McBride O, Murphy J, Karatzias T, Bentall RP, Martinez A, Vallières F. Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2020;142(3):249-256. doi: 10.1111/acps.13219.