Can immature granulocytes be used as a predictive new marker in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis?

Mustafa Korkut 1 * , Cihan Bedel 1, Fatih Selvi 1, Kemal Eyvaz 2
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1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Health Science University Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Health Science University Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp. 60-64. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/12142
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ABSTRACT

Aim: Acute cholecystitis (AC) is one of the most common acute surgical diseases in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of inflammatory parameters as immature granulocyte count (IGC) and immature granulocyte percentage (IG%) in the diagnosis of AC.
Material and methods: This retrospective and observational study consisted of patients, diagnosed with AC, who were admitted to a tertiary ED with abdominal pain between March 2019 and April 2021. The effectiveness of IGC and IG% in the diagnosis of AC was examined by comparing the results with the control group (CG).
Results: A total of 493 patients were included in the study. 270 patients were in the AC group, 223 patients were in the CG. IG% and IGC were found to be significantly higher in the AC group than in the CG (0.5 (0.32) vs. 0.4 (0.2); 0.06 (0.08) vs. 0.03 (0.03); p<0.001, p<0.001 respectively). It has been shown that IGC, at a cut-off value of 0.03, predicts the diagnosis of AC with 72.1% sensitivity and 55.5% specificity. On the other hand, IG%, at a cut-off value of 0.45, predicts the diagnosis of AC with 53.2% sensitivity and 72.7% specificity (AUC [0.717 (0.672-0.762); 0.692 (0.645-0.738)], respectively p<0.001, p<0.001).
Conclusions: In conclusion, IGC and IG% can be used as a useful inflammatory parameter in the diagnosis of AC in patients admitted to the emergency department.

CITATION

Korkut M, Bedel C, Selvi F, Eyvaz K. Can immature granulocytes be used as a predictive new marker in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis?. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2022;19(3):60-4. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/12142

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