Emerging issues and needs to focus on mental health and well-being in India: a qualitative analysis

Suantak Demkhosei Vaiphei 1 * , Devendra Singh Sisodia 1
More Detail
1 Clinical Psychology Department, Bhupal Noble's University, Udaipur, India
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 4, Issue 54, pp. 10-14. https://doi.org/10.23950/1812-2892-JCMK-00707
OPEN ACCESS
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

Mental health and wellbeing of the whole are the most neglected area of care in the country leading to the highest number of teenage suicide rates. Mental illness is still considered as an illness not to be treated, resulting India becoming the most depressed country in the world, followed by China and USA as per the latest World Health Organization report. At present, 150 million Indians are suffering from mental illness and desperately in need of immediate care assessment for their mental health condition. However, 70-92% of the mental ill populations failed to receive any medical assessments, due to the minimal availability of the mental healthcare workers like psychologists and psychiatrists, which is at the ratio of 1:100,000. It would not be an exaggeration to state that India becomes the hub for global mental health epidemic. However, only 0.06 per cent of India’s health budget is devoted to mental health treatment, in which the available data suggests that the state of spending the sanctioned budget in this regard is abysmal. Lack of awareness, ignorance, social stigma, and discriminations becomes the underlying factors for worsening the individual mental health conditions. Thus, the need of the hour is the immediate mental healthcare intervention, awareness about the issue, availability of the professional help and forming the adequate policies on mental health assessment. It is through timely assessment intervention a positive outcome that is meaningful for the people and for many sectors of the society can be delivered.

CITATION

Vaiphei SD, Sisodia DS. Emerging issues and needs to focus on mental health and well-being in India: a qualitative analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine of Kazakhstan. 2019;4(54):10-4. https://doi.org/10.23950/1812-2892-JCMK-00707

REFERENCES

  • World Health Organization. Investing in Mental Health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2003.
  • Holland, Kimberly. Mental Health Basics: Types of Mental Illness, Diagnosis, Treatment. http://www.healthline.com/2018/health/mental-health
  • Sanyal, Vihan. Why India Needs to Focus on Mental Health and Wellbeing. http://yourstory.com/2018/10/india-needs-focus-mental-health-wellbeing
  • India Today. India is the Most Depressed Country in the World. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/india-is-the-most-depressed-country-in-the-world-mental-health-day-2018-1360096-2018-10-10
  • Khajuria, Akansha (2019). Mental Health Crisis in India: It’s Now or Never. https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2019/01/the-issue-of-mental-health-in-india/
  • Mayo Clinic (2019). Mental Illness. http://www.mayoclinic.org/disease-conditions/mental-illness/symptoms-causes/syc-20374968
  • Legg, Timothy L. What is Mental? and Causes. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/154543.php
  • Srivastava, Kalpana. Chatterjee, Kaushik. & Shivaram Bhat Pookala. Mental Health Awareness: The Indian Scenario. Indian Psychiatry Journal. 2016; 25(20):131-134. https://doi.org/10.4103/ipj.ipj_45_17
  • World Health Organization. Expert Opinion on Barriers and Facilitating; Factors for the Implementation of Existing Mental Health Knowledge in Mental Health Services. https://www.who.int/mental_health/emergencies/expert_opinion_on_service_development_msd_2007.pdf
  • Shidhaye, Rahul & Kermode, Michelle. Stigma and Discrimination As A Barrier To Mental Health Service Utilization In India. International Health Journal. 2013; 5(1):6-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/inthealth/ihs011
  • Kaur, Reetinder & Pathak, R K. Treatment Gap in Mental Healthcare: Reflections from Policy and Research. Economic and Political Weekly. 2017; 52:31. https://www.epw.in/journal/2017/31/perspectives/treatment-gap-mentalhealthcare.html
  • IndiaToday. 5 Barriers To Addressing Mental Health Issues, Facts You Should Know, Common Mental Disorders Worldwide. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/5-barriers-mental-health-issues-facts-common-mental-disorders-345797-2016-10-10
  • Mehta, Madhuri. Here's how the ‘Happiness Curriculum’ in Delhi Govt. Schools can Build a Healthy Mind. https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/news/story/here-s-how-happiness-curriculum-in-delhi-govt-schools-can-build-a-healthy-mind-1311804-2018-08-11