Eosinophilic Inflammation in COPD: Mechanisms, Diagnostic Markers, Clinical Features and Therapy Guidance

Aigerim Aitkazina 1, Natalya Latypova 2, Meirzhan Abishev 1, Aleksey Pak 3, Nurmakhan Zholshybek 4 * , Samat Suleimenov 4, Madi Malik 4
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1 Department of Pulmonology, City Multidisciplinary Hospital No. 2, Astana, Kazakhstan
2 Department of Family Medicine No. 2, Astana Medical University, Astana, Kazakhstan
3 Institute of Internal Medicine, National Scientific Medical Center, Astana, Kazakhstan
4 Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Nazarbayev University, Astana, Kazakhstan
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp. 4-10. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/14640
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Author Contributions:
Conceptualization, A.A. and M.A.; methodology, N.L. and A.P.; investigation, A.A. and M.A.; resources, A.A.; data curation, S.S. and M.M.; writing – original draft preparation, A.A., S.S. and M.M.; writing – review and editing, N.Z.; visualization, S.S. and M.M.; supervision, N.L. and N.Z. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Eosinophilia, which may have a significant role in the inflammation process and obstruction of airways, is present in about one third patients suffering from COPD. The significance of eosinophil counts in COPD is currently debated, but they can potentially serve as biomarkers for treatment selection. Blood eosinophil counts can assist in determining the patients who can benefit from inhaled corticosteroid therapy to prevent or eliminate exacerbations.
The aim of this review is to demonstrate the significance of eosinophilic inflammation COPD and the use of eosinophilic inflammation biomarkers to guide therapy decisions.
To reach this goal, a search of relevant literature on the subject was conducted. Articles were searched in electronic sources: PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords "COPD and eosinophilia", "COPD exacerbations and eosinophilia", "inhaled corticosteroids, COPD and eosinophilia" were used. One hundred and twenty sources were found, of which 66 were selected.
Results of the review showed high frequency of eosinophilic phenotype detection in COPD. Blood eosinophilia becomes a potential universal marker of eosinophilic COPD. Blood eosinophils level can predict response to inhaled corticosteroids treatment patients with COPD, but increases the likelihood of pneumonia. Overall, the role of eosinophilia in COPD has not been obtained to date, which suggests it needs further study.

CITATION

Aitkazina A, Latypova N, Abishev M, Pak A, Zholshybek N, Suleimenov S, et al. Eosinophilic Inflammation in COPD: Mechanisms, Diagnostic Markers, Clinical Features and Therapy Guidance. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2024;21(3):4-10. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/14640

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