Huriye Sena KURUC 1, Nilgun AVCI 2 *
More Detail
1 Graduate Education Institute, Nursing Thesis Master’s Program, Biruni University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Midwifery, Biruni University, Istanbul, Turkey
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 80-88. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/14399
OPEN ACCESS 178 Views 81 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)
Author Contributions: Conceptualization, K.H.S. and A.N.; methodology, K.H.S. and A.N.; validation, K.H.S.; formal analysis, A.N.; investigation, K.H.S. and A.N.; data curation, K.H.S.; writing – original draft preparation, K.H.S. and A.N.; writing – review and editing, K.H.S. and A.N.; visualization, K.H.S.; supervision, K.H.S. and A.N. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate the genital hygiene behaviors and orientations habits of female secondary school students in the adolescent period.
Methods: The study was conducted in a descriptive and correlational design between February and June 2022 to determine.
The study population consisted of 355 female students studying in all high schools affiliated with the Ministry of National Education in Vize district of Kırklareli province in Turkiye. It aimed to reach the entire population without determining the sample size. As a result, 194 female students who volunteered to participate in the study were included in the sample. In data collection, the "Personal Information Form" and "Genital Hygiene Behavior Scale" were applied using the face-to-face interview method.
Results: It was found that the mean age of the students was 15.74±1.1, the majority of them lived with their parents, more than half of them (67.5%) didn’t receive information about genital care and hygiene, almost all of them (92.3%) used materials for cleaning the genital area, their genital hygiene behaviors were positive, and they thought that they were given inadequate education about hygiene at school or in classes. It was determined that the genital hygiene behaviors and menstrual hygiene of the students living with only a mother or father were more positive, and the use of materials for genital hygiene was higher in the students living in the city center and district compared to the students living in the village.
Conclusion: As a result, it was observed that the mother's education level, family income level, and the person living with her positively affected general hygiene and menstrual hygiene habits.
Keywords: Adolescent, hygiene, genital hygiene, behavior, nursing




  • Bilgic, D., Yuksel, P., Gulhan, H., Sirin, F., & Uygun, H. (2018). Genital hygiene behaviors and resulting health status of female students staying in a university dormitory. Acıbadem University Health Sciences Journal, (3), 478-485. http://journal.acibadem.edu.tr/en/download/article-file/1701834
  • Bulut, A., Yigitbas, C., & Celik, G. (2019). Genital hygiene behaviors from perspective of nursing students. Medical Journal of Ankara Training and Research Hospital, 52(3), 227-232. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/aeahtd/issue/50839/571280
  • Aydin Kartal, Y., Engin, B., & Teke, B. (2020), Genital hygiene behaviors of midwifery students. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 13(3), 2029-2036. http://www.internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/56_kartal_original_13_3.pdf
  • Bas, G. N., Karatay, G., & Arıkan, D. (2016). Genital health status among female students staying in a dormitory of student loans and dormitories institution and affecting factors. Journal of Continuing Medical Education, 25(3), 101-109. https://www.acarindex.com/pdfler/acarindex-2474e79d-f1fb.pdf
  • Sen, S., & Er Guneri̇, S. (2020). Genital hygiene practices and awareness of student nurses. Manisa Celal Bayar University Journal of Institute of Health Science, 7(2), 96-101. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1175543
  • Karahan, N. (2017). Development of a genital hygiene behavior scale: Validity and reliability study. Istanbul Medical Journal, 18(3), 157-62. doi: 10.5152/imj.2017.82957
  • Simsek Kuçukkelepce, D. S., Sahin, T., & Aydın Ozkan, S. A. (2019). The effect of genital hygiene education on genital hygiene behaviors of secondary school female students: The approach to protection and promotion of reproductive health. Health and Society, 29(3), 76-83.
  • Ilankoon, M. P. S., Goonewardena, C. S. E., Fernandopulle, R. C., & Perera, P. P. R. (2017). Women’s knowledge and experience of abnormal vaginal discharge living in estates in Colombo District, Sri Lanka. International Journal of Women's Health, 5(2), 90-96. doi:10.15296/ijwhr.2017.17
  • Van Eijk, A. M., Sivakami, M., Thakkar, M. B., Bauman, A., Laserson, K. F., Coates, S., & Phillips-Howard, P. A. (2016). Menstrüal hygiene management among adolescent girls in India: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 6(3):e010290. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010290.
  • Kuhlmann, A. S., Henry, K., & Wall, L. L. (2017). Menstrüal hygiene management in resource-poor countries. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 72(6), 356–376. doi:10.1097/OGX.0000000000000443
  • Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS). (2018). Retrieved from http://www.sck.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/TNSA2018_ana_Rapor.pdf
  • Demirag, H., Hintistan, S., Cin, A., & Tuncay, B. (2019). Investigation of genital hygiene behaviors of health services vocational school students. Bozok Medical Journal, 9(1), 42-50. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/679876
  • Koyun, A., Ozpulat, F., & Ozvarıs, S. B. (2013). Training program development and evaluation process: Secondary education for girl students & quot; genital Hygiene & quot; Education Program. Gumushane University Journal of Health Sciences, 2(4), 443-459. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/7502/98893
  • Turkmen, H., & Karaguzel, E. N. (2021). Factors affecting youth's genital hygiene attitudes. Journal of Continuing Medical Education, 30(3), 190-199. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sted/issue/63584/767685
  • Toraman, B., Ildan Calım, S., & Bicici, S. (2021). The genital hygiene behavior of women living in a women's shelter: The case of Manisa province. Samsun Journal of Health Sciences, 6(3), 625-640. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jshs/issue/66509/986723
  • Unsal, A. (2010). Attitudes about genital hygiene of university female students. Fırat Journal of Health Services, 5(13), 79-93. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ayla-Uensal/publication/341379237_Universitede_Okuyan_Kiz_Ogrencilerin_Genital_Hijyen_Davranislari/links/5ebd49f7458515626ca818d0/Ueniversitede-Okuyan-Kiz-Oegrencilerin-Genital-Hijyen-Davranislari.pdf
  • Timur, S. (2010). Genital hygiene behaviors of the female students who stay at a university student hostel. Medical Sciences, 5(4), 39-48. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/186913
  • Yazici, S., & Cuvadar, A. (2019). Prevention of genital system infections and midwifery approaches. Journal of Health Profession Research, 1(1), 33-37. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jhpr/issue/49226/581449
  • Ceylan, S. S. (2021). A danger to adolescent health: How reliable is the information on the Turkish web pages regarding menstruation hygiene? Sakarya Medical Journal, 11(2), 366-372. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/1341720
  • Solt, A., Hur, S., Karaman, S., Avcı, N., & Aka, N. (2022). Effects of genital hygiene behaviors of midwifery and nursing students on vaginal and urinary tract infections. Istanbul Gelisim University Journal of Health Sciences, (16), 202-222. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/igusabder/issue/69769/991045
  • Sut, H. K. (2016). Investigation of the relationship between genital hygiene behaviors and genital ınfection in women aged 18-49. Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute, 6(1), 8-13. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/duzcesbed/issue/14253/66683
  • Serhatlıoglu, S., & Yılmaz, E. (2022). Media influence on product selection used in genital hygiene practices: Now ads. In A. Dinc (Ed.), Health & Science 2022: Ebelik-1, (pp. 143-156). Efe Academic Publishing.
  • Demirtas, B. (2006). Assessment of the knowledge of vulva health of the nursing students. Journal of Hacettepe School of Nursing, 13(1), 14-25. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hunhemsire/issue/7849/103329
  • Kostu, N., & Beydag, K. (2009). Genital hygiene practices of women who present to a gynecology clinic. Journal of Atatürk University School of Nursing, 12(2), 105-110. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/29449
  • Unsal, A., Ozyazicioglu, N., & Sezgin, S. (2010). Attitudes about genital hygiene of individuals living in one town and nine villages east black sea region. Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences, 13(2), 12-19. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ataunihem/issue/2650/34095
  • Onal, A. E., Onoglu, N., Babaoglu, A. B., Ozer, C., & Gungor, G. (2011). Some hygiene behaviors and genital infection complaints among 15-49 aged women in a Suburban area of Istanbul. Nobel Medicus, 7(2), 96-100.
  • Ozdemir, S., Ortabag, T., Tosun, B., Ozdemir, O., & Bebis, H. (2012). Assessment of the knowledge level and behaviors of students in school of nursing about genital hygiene. Gülhane Medical Journal, 54(2), 120-8. doi:10.5455/gulhane.19180
  • Cangol, E., & Tokuç, B. (2013). The evaluation of genital infections and genital hygiene practices of women who applied to gynecology policlinic. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 21(2), 85-91. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/fnjn/issue/9010/112440
  • Sevil, S., Kevser, O., Aleattin, U., Dilek, A., & Tijen, N. (2013). An evaluation of the relationship between genital hygiene practices, genital infection. Gynecology & Obstetrics, 3(6), 1-5. doi:10.4172/2161-0932.1000187
  • Topuz, S., Duman, N. B., & Gunes, A. (2015). Genital hygiene practices of female students at first class in the Faculty of Health Sciences. Turkish Journal of Clinics and Laboratory, 6(3), 85- 90. https://search.trdizin.gov.tr/en/yayin/detay/258211/saglik-bilimleri-fakultesi-birinci-siniftaki-kiz-ogrencilerin-genital-hijyen-uygulamalari
  • Belayneh, Z., & Mekuriaw, B. (2019). Knowledge and menstrual hygiene practice among adolescent school girls in southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1595. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7973-9.
  • Habtegiorgis, Y., Sisay, T., Kloos, H., Malede, A., Yalew, M., Arefaynie, M., Damtie, Y., Kefale, B., Tegegne, T. B., Addisu, E., Lingerew, M., Berhanu, L., Berihun, G., Natnael, T., Abebe, M., Feleke, A., Gizeyatu, A., Ademas, A., Fentaw, Z., Yayeh, T. M., … Adane, M. (2021), Menstrüal hygiene practices among high school girls in urban areas in Northeastern Ethiopia: A neglected issue in water, sanitation and hygiene research. PloS One,16(6), e0248825. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0248825
  • Tiryaki, S., Gezginci, E., & Goktas, S. (2021). Determination of genital hygiene behaviors of faculty of health sciences students. Journal of Vocational School of Health Service, 9(2), 510-522. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/inonusaglik/issue/62343/843789
  • Pratibha, S., Nawaz, A. S., & Kumar, A. (2016). Impact of menstrüal practices on the health of adolescent girls and the challenges faced in menstrüal hygiene management at schools. National Journal of Community Medicine, 7(8), 667-671. file:///C:/Users/navci/Downloads/7-8_667-671%20(2).pdf
  • Durmus, M. K., & Zengin, N. (2020). Investigation of genital hygiene behaviors of women. Journal of Health Professionals Research, 2(3), 113-120. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1209652
  • Goger, B., & Tuncay, B. (2021). Investigation of personal and genital hygiene behaviors of female students who stayed in boarding during the adolescent period. Journal of Samsun Health Sciences, 6(2), 255-269. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/1659747
  • Mamuk, R., Parlan, H., Asif, E., Deveci, M., & Akdeniz, E. (2022). An assessment of menstrüal and genital hygiene behaviors among adolescent females at Gazimagusa, Northern Cyprus. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, 12(1), 185-191. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/clinexphealthsci/article/909836
  • Yagiz Altıntas, R., Bakir, S., Gul, I., Suer, N., & Kavlak, O. (2021). The effect of menstrual attitude on genital hygiene behaviors of nursing students. Turkish Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 15(3), 568-575. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjfmpc/issue/64835/931262