Evaluation of the experience and attitude of the population to the salt and salty foods, on the way to prevent cardiovascular diseases. (On the example of Almaty)

Оценка опыта и отношения населения к соли и соленой пище, на пути к профилактике сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний. (на примере г.Алматы)
Arailym Beisbekova 1 2, Feruza Ospanova 2, Toregeldi Sharmanov 2
More Detail
1 Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Department of Nutrition, Astana, Kazakstan
2 Kazakh Academy of Nutrition, Department of International Projects, Astana, Kazakstan
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 2, Issue 44, pp. 19-26. https://doi.org/10.23950/1812-2892-JCMK-00338
Download Full Text (PDF)


The purpose: of this work was to fnd out the attitude and habits of consumption of salt and salty food in the city of Almaty and about the methods of CVD prevention.
Methods: To achieve this goal was used a social-method, using a questionnaire consisting of 5 blocks and 31 questions. We evaluated the results of a questionnaire survey of 340 respondents, including 174 women and 166 men aged 25-64 years. Total formed four strata - men aged 25-44, women aged 25-44, men 45-64 years and women 45-64.
Results: Among all respondents, 9.4% answered that they often dosed the food and more than 60% of the respondents believed that they consume salt in the right amount, but at the same time 14.1% answered that they don’t know about the harmful use of large amounts of salt and 8,8% believe that there is no harm from this.
Conclusion: Communication works with the population about the harmful use of salt and its consequences is not fully implemented. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen communication work to inform the public about excessive consumption of salt and salty foods.


Beisbekova A, Ospanova F, Sharmanov T. Evaluation of the experience and attitude of the population to the salt and salty foods, on the way to prevent cardiovascular diseases. (On the example of Almaty). Journal of Clinical Medicine of Kazakhstan. 2017;2(44):19-26. https://doi.org/10.23950/1812-2892-JCMK-00338


  • Bochkov V.N., Dobrovol'skii A.B., Kushlinskii N.E., Loginov V.A. Klinicheskaya biokhimiya. Moscow: GEOTAR-MED, 2004; 512 p.
  • Bibbins-Domingo K, Chertow CM, Coxson PG, Moran A, Lightwood JM, Pletcher MJ, Goldman L. Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. N EngО Med. 2010; 362:590-9.
  • Schachter J, Harper PH, Radin ME, et al. Comparison of sodium and potassium intake with excretion. Hypertension. 1980;2:695– 699.
  • Liu K, Cooper R, McKeever J, et al. Assessment of the association between habitual salt intake and high blood pressure: methodological problems. Am J Epidemiol. 1979;110:219–226.
  • Sachdeva A, Weder AB. Nocturnal sodium excretion, blood pressure dipping, and sodium sensitivity. Hyperrtension. 2006;48:527– 533.
  • Bentley B. A review of methods to measure dietary sodium intake. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2006;21:63–67.
  • Calhoun DA, Jones D, Textor S, et al. Resistant hypertension: diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Professional Education Committee of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research. Hypertension. 2008;51:1403–1419.
  • Pietinen P, Tanskanen A, Tuomilehto J. Assessment of sodium intake by a short dietary questionnaire. Scand J Soc Med. 1982;10:105–112.