The effect of therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy on biomarkers and 28-day mortality in patients with COVID-19 in intensive care unit

Korgün Ökmen 1, Asiye Demirel 1 * , İlkay Ceylan 1
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1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp. 46-51. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/13143
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ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of our study was to determine the effectiveness of the co-administration of therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in intensive care patients with COVID-19.
Material and methods: In the propensity-matched study 46 patients were evaluated. The groups were defined as patients who received plasmapheresis + IVIg and standard treatment, and patients who received only standard treatment. The primary outcome of the study was determined as a 28-day mortality rate. Secondary outcome measures; demographic data were biomarkers of inflammation at admission and treatment days.
Results: In the evaluation of 23 patients in 2 groups, no statistically significant difference was found between demographic data, vital and respiratory status, additional diseases and treatments applied (p>0.05) .There was no difference in 28-day mortality rates between the two groups (p:0.688). CRP, IL-6 and Ferritin Lymphocytes values in the TPE+IVIg group were lower when compared to the control group in the values measured after the treatment (p<0.05). All inflammatory markers applied in the Cox regression model were associated with survival and no association was found.
Conclusion: In the results of this study, in which we applied TPE and IVIg treatment in combination, it was determined that this treatment method did not provide an additional benefit to the standard treatment. More clear information can be obtained by testing treatment applications in different doses and regimens and by randomized controlled studies.

CITATION

Ökmen K, Demirel A, Ceylan İ. The effect of therapeutic plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin therapy on biomarkers and 28-day mortality in patients with COVID-19 in intensive care unit. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2023;20(2):46-51. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/13143

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