Validation of the Kazakh version of the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction in medical universities faculty staff sample

Assem Uristemova 1 * , Ayan Myssayev 2, Serik Meirmanov 3, Lyudmila Migina 1, Laura Pak 4, Assel Baibussinova 5
More Detail
1 Department of Public Health, Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
2 Department of Science and Human Resources, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan
3 College of Asia Pacific Studies, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Japan
4 Department of Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
5 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp. 44-49.
OPEN ACCESS 204 Views 83 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)


Aim: The present study aimed to perform validation and assessment of psychometric indicators of the Kazakh version of the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction on the academic faculty staff.
Material and methods: The translation of the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction was performed following the World Health Organization guidelines on the translation and adaptation of research instruments. 715 medical educators of Kazakhstani medical universities represented the study population. Preliminary statistical analysis included Cronbach’s alpha calculation. The psychometric properties of the instrument were examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.
Results: Cronbach’s alpha obtained 0.83. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index reached 0.830, which indicated meritorious sample adequacy. CFA identified good factorial validity of the scale: all model fit indices exceeded the threshold values. The inter-item correlation index varied between r=0.616 and r=0.716, designating an acceptable correlation between variables. The total job satisfaction level was moderate (3.15±0.78). Women reported lower rates of job satisfaction, although the difference was not statistically significant (p<0.284).
Conclusion: Our findings provide support to the psychometric properties of the Kazakh version of the BIAJS as an instrument for the assessment of job satisfaction. The major advantages of the BIAJS are that it is optimally brief, highly affective, and has good internal validity.


Uristemova A, Myssayev A, Meirmanov S, Migina L, Pak L, Baibussinova A. Validation of the Kazakh version of the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction in medical universities faculty staff sample. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2023;20(1):44-9.


  • Official information Source of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Strategic Plan 2025 [in Russian]. Published 2018. Accessed September 19, 2022.
  • Shen X, Yang YL, Wang Y, Liu L, Wang S, Wang L. The association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms and the mediating role of psychological capital among Chinese university teachers: A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry. 2014;14(1):1-8.
  • Mustapha N, Yu Ghee W. Examining Faculty Workload as Antecedent of Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff of Higher Public Education in Kelantan, Malaysia. Business and Management Horizons. 2013;1(1):10-16.
  • Bucklin BA, Valley M, Welch C, Tran ZV, Lowenstein SR. Predictors of early faculty attrition at one Academic Medical Center. BMC Med Educ. 2014;14(1):27.
  • Soomro TR, Ahmad R. Faculty retention in higher education. Int J Higher Educ. 2013;2(2):147-150.
  • Aalto AM, Heponiemi T, Josefsson K, Arffman M, Elovainio M. Social relationships in physicians’ work moderate relationship between workload and wellbeing—9-year follow-up study. Eur J Public Health. 2018;28(5):798-804.
  • Shaterjalali M, Gholampoor Y, Jeihooni AK, et al. Faculty retention in regional medical schools in Iran: a qualitative content analysis. BMC Med Educ. 2021;21(1):1-8.
  • Pololi LH, Krupat E, Civian JT, Ash AS, Brennan RT. Why are a quarter of faculty considering leaving academic medicine? A study of their perceptions of institutional culture and intentions to leave at 26 representative U.S. medical schools. Academic Medicine. 2012;87(7):859-869.
  • The American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC). The Long-term Retention and Attrition of U.S. Medical School Faculty. 2008.
  • Zimmermann EM, Mramba LK, Gregoire H, Dandar V, Limacher MC, Good ML. Characteristics of Faculty at Risk of Leaving Their Medical Schools: An Analysis of the StandPointTM Faculty Engagement Survey. J Healthc Leadersh. 2020;12:1.
  • Hana U, Lucie L. Staff Turnover as a Possible Threat to Knowledge Loss. Journal of Competitiveness | Issue. 2011;(3):84-98.
  • Caruth GD, Caruth DL. Adjunct Faculty: Who are these Unsung Heroes of Academe? Current Issues in Education. 2013;16(3):1-11.
  • Ries A, Wingard D, Gamst A, Larsen C, Farrell E, Reznik V. Measuring faculty retention and success in academic medicine. Acad Med. 2012;87(8):1046-1051.
  • Bunton SA, Corrice AM, Pollart SM, et al. Predictors of workplace satisfaction for U.S. medical school faculty in an era of change and challenge. Academic Medicine. 2012;87(5):574-581.
  • Hoppok R, Spiegler S. Job Satisfaction. The Vocational Guidance Journal. 1938.
  • Locke EA. What is Job Satisfaction? Organ Behav Hum Perform. 1969;4:309-336.
  • Harper E, Castrucci BC, Bharthapudi K, Sellers K. Job Satisfaction: A Critical, Understudied Facet of Workforce Development in Public Health. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. 2015;21(6):S46.
  • Olashore AA, Akanni OO, Ogundipe RM. Physical violence against health staff by mentally ill patients at a psychiatric hospital in Botswana. BMC Health Serv Res. 2018;18(1):1-7.
  • Rostami F, Babaei-Pouya A, Teimori-Boghsani G, Jahangirimehr A, Mehri Z, Feiz-Arefi M. Mental Workload and Job Satisfaction in Healthcare Workers: The Moderating Role of Job Control. Front Public Health. 2021;9:1178.
  • Jiang F, Zhou H, Hu L, et al. Psychiatry residents in China: Socio-demographic characteristics, career satisfaction, and related factors. Front Psychiatry. 2019;10:177.
  • Ioannou P, Katsikavali V, Galanis P, Velonakis E, Papadatou D, Sourtzi P. Impact of Job Satisfaction on Greek Nurses’ Health-Related Quality of Life. Saf Health Work. 2015;6(4):324-328.
  • Tsounis A, Sarafis P. Validity and reliability of the Greek translation of the Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS). BMC Psychol. 2018;6(1):1-6.
  • Astrauskaite M, Vaitkevicius R, Perminas A. Job Satisfaction Survey: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis Based on Secondary School Teachers’ Sample. International Journal of Business and Management. 2011;6(5):41-50.
  • Fernández-Muñoz JJ, Topa G. Older workers and affective job satisfaction: Gender invariance in Spain. Frontiers in Psychology. 2018;9:1-7.
  • Sorondo BM. Associations between affect, personality, and job satisfaction among library employees: Efficient and ethical assessment of library staff. Advances in Library Administration and Organization. 2017;37:35-56.
  • Gong Y, Wu Y, Huang P, Yan X, Luo Z. Psychological Empowerment and Work Engagement as Mediating Roles Between Trait Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction. Front Psychol. 2020;11:232.
  • Huang S, Chen Z, Liu H, Zhou L. Job satisfaction and turnover intention in China: The moderating effects of job alternatives and policy support. Chinese Management Studies. 2017;11(4):689-706.
  • Figueredo JM, García-Ael C, Gragnano A, Topa G. The mediating role of work-health balance in the relationship between perceived work ability and affective job satisfaction. Psihologijske Teme. 2021;30(3):547-572.
  • Thompson ER, Phua FTT. A Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction. Group Organ Manag. 2012;37(3):275-307.
  • Pujol-Cols L, Dabos GE. Dispositional and situational factors at work: A validation of scales and examination of effects on job satisfaction. Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración. Published online 2019:1-86.
  • Lovakov A. Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Commitment Among Russian University Teachers. Psychology. 2014.
  • World Health Organization. WHO Guidelines on Translation. Process of Translation and Adaptation of Instruments.; 2016.
  • Pujol-Cols L, Lazzaro-Salazar M. Psychosocial Risks and Job Satisfaction in Argentinian Scholars: Exploring the Moderating Role of Work Engagement. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 2018;34(3):145-156.
  • Kurian G, Muzumdar P. Antecedents to Job Satisfaction in the Airline Industry. NMIMS Management Review. 2017;34(2):29-40.
  • Llorente-Alonso M, Topa G, Salgado JF, et al. Individual Crafting, Collaborative Crafting, and Job Satisfaction: The Mediator Role of Engagement. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 2019;35(3):217-226.
  • Taber KS. The Use of Cronbach’s Alpha When Developing and Reporting Research Instruments in Science Education. Res Sci Educ. 2018;48(6):1273-1296.