A retrospective CT based comparative analysis of available screw pathways to determine optimal iliac screw trajectory

Atul Sareen 1, Anuradha Sharma 2, Jatin Prakash 1, Hitesh Lal 3, Ashish Bansal 2, Ashish Jaiman 1 *
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1 Department of Orthopaedics, Central Institute of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Radiology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Sports Injury Centre, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp. 31-36. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/13756
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ABSTRACT

Introduction: The lumbo-sacral stabilization using iliac screw is gaining popularity in such cases of long multi segment lumbar constructs. Iliac screws help to achieve strong spinopelvic fixation, augments and protects sacral screws. However, there is a great variability found in literature for iliac screw fixation in terms of trajectory, screw length and screw diameter. Also, to the best of our knowledge, there is lacunae in current literature regarding the optimal pathway, screw length and screw diameter in the Indian population. Hence, we planned the study with the aim to analyze the available screw pathways to determine optimal iliac screw trajectory, screw length and diameter for the Indian population.
Material and methods: This was a tertiary center-based retrospective study. One hundred pelvic CT scans of patients in 18-70 years age, who underwent abdominal CT on Siemens 256-slice dual source CT scanner for various indications were evaluated. Subsequently, 4 iliac screw trajectories were assessed by connecting the points given below using double oblique reformats on which the lengths and narrowest zones of these trajectories were measured. Path A: Posterior Superior Iliac Spine (PSIS) to Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (AIIS); Path B: point between PSIS and posterior inferior iliac spine (PIIS) to Anterior Inferior iliac spine  (AIIS); Path C: iliac crest intersection point (CLIC) point to Upper acetabulum; Path D: CLIC point to acetabular center.
[p1] [a2] Results: Statistically significant difference was found in the lengths of various pathways. Path A (PSIS to AIIS) was found to be the longest (mean 13 cm). The second longest path in our study was path C (CLIC point to Upper acetabulum). The narrowest widths of each path were not found to have any statistically significant difference.
Conclusion: Iliac screw fixation is of paramount importance for lumbosacral stabilization. Of the studied paths, trajectory from posterior-superior iliac spine to Antero-inferior iliac spine has the longest passage length and is the most optimal path for the Indian population. In case additional screws are required, the trajectory from CLIC point to Upper acetabulum provides the second largest screw passage.

CITATION

Sareen A, Sharma A, Prakash J, Lal H, Bansal A, Jaiman A. A retrospective CT based comparative analysis of available screw pathways to determine optimal iliac screw trajectory. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2023;20(5):31-6. https://doi.org/10.23950/jcmk/13756

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