Determining incontinence awareness, attitude, and frequency in female students enrolled in the Faculty of Health Sciences

Ayşe Çuvadar 1 * , Suzan Onur 1
More Detail
1 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Health Sciences, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
* Corresponding Author
J CLIN MED KAZ, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp. 37-41.
OPEN ACCESS 229 Views 133 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)


Aim: This study was conducted to determine urinary incontinence awareness, attitude, and frequency among female students studying at a faculty of health sciences.
Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 458 female students enrolled in a university's faculty of health sciences between February 2023 and April 2023. The data of the study were collected using a "Personal Information Form" and an "Incontinence Awareness and Attitude Scale" prepared by the researchers. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and ANOVA test were used to evaluate the data.
Results: The mean age of the students was 21.17±1.70, and only 2% had been diagnosed with urinary incontinence during their lifetime. The mean scores of the students in the sub-dimensions of incontinence awareness were found as follows: factors affecting acceptance of incontinence as a health problem 32.98±5.13, health motivation 7.15±2.51, coping with urinary incontinence 17.25±5.77, limitation 10.54±3.38, and fear of urinary leakage 11.47±4.34.
Conclusion: The mean score of female students on the urinary incontinence awareness scale, factors preventing acceptance of incontinence as a health problem, coping with urinary incontinence, health motivation, and limitation sub-dimensions were found to be at a good level.


Çuvadar A, Onur S. Determining incontinence awareness, attitude, and frequency in female students enrolled in the Faculty of Health Sciences. J CLIN MED KAZ. 2023;20(5):37-41.


  • Irwin GM. Urinary Incontinence. Prim Care. 2019; 46(2):233-242.
  • Bardsley A. An overview of urinary incontinence. Br J Nurs. 2016; 13;25(18):14-21.
  • Durukan H, Tok E, Tok D, Aytan H. In Mersin province, the prevalence of incontinence perceived by women themselves in the target population and the distribution of incontinence types according to age groups. Zeynep Kamil Medical Bulletin. 2015;46:1-5.
  • Amanak K, Sevil U. Comparison of Life Satisfaction and Social Anxiety Levels of Women with and without Urinary Incontinence. DU Health Bil Enst Derg. 2020;10(2): 217-222.
  • Tekeş M, Şahin G. Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence and Its Effect on Quality of Life in Women Over 65 Years of Age. Sakarya University Journal of Holistic Health. 2022;5(3):404-417.
  • Sazonova NA, Kiseleva MG, Gadzhieva ZK, Gvozdev MY. Urinary incontinence in women and its impact on quality of life. Urologiia. 2022;(2):136-139.
  • Iron S, Beige NK. Quality of life and health-seeking behaviors in women with urinary incontinence. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing. 2015;23(1):23-31.
  • Öz Yıldırım Ö, Çelik Eren D, Korkmaz M, Aydın Avcı İ. The Relationship Between Urinary Incontinence Awareness and Self-Esteem of University Students. DEUHFED. 2020;13(3):170-177.
  • Özcan H, Beji NK. Lower urinary system symptoms and affecting factors in female students staying in a dormitory. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2022;68(7):922-927.
  • Vaughan CP, Markland AD. Urinary Incontinence in Women. Ann Intern Med. 2020; 4:172(3).
  • Hu JS, Pierre EF. Urinary Incontinence in Women: Evaluation and Management. Am Fam Physician. 2019;100(6):339-348.
  • Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G*Power 3:a flexible statistical power analysis program fort he social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior research methods. 2007; 39(2):175-191.
  • Cohen, J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). Routledge. 1988.
  • Avci İA, Öz Yıldırım Ö, Eren DÇ. Urinary Incontinence Awareness and Attitude Scale (URINAS): A Reliability and Validity Study. Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. 2022; 49(6):551-557.
  • DeVellis RF. Scale development: Theory applications (2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 2003.
  • George D, Mallery P. IBM SPSS statistics 26 step by step: A simple guide and reference. Routledge. 2019.
  • Kılıç M. Incidence and risk factors of urinary incontinence in women visiting family health centers. Springerplus. 2016; 5:1331.
  • Ghafouri A, Alnaimi AR, Alhothi HM, Alroubi I, Alrayashi M, Molhim NA., et al. Urology Department, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar, et al. Urinary incontinence in Qatar: a study of the prevalence, risk factors and impact on quality of life. Arab J Urol. 2014;12(4):269-274.
  • Dinç A, Özer NE. Investigation of the Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence and Risk Factors in Premenopausal and Menopausal Women. Gumushane University Journal of Health Sciences. 2019; 8(2):1-9.